Congress has passed a COVID-19 relief bill that will provide a second round of stimulus checks to millions of Americans as soon as next week – assuming President Donald Trump doesn’t veto it.
But not everyone is eligible for those direct payments.
Many students, for instance, don’t qualify. Neither do immigrants who don’t have a Social Security number. Some elderly and disabled people won’t get a check either, along with high-wage earners.
The payments, which aim to give Americans a quick cash infusion, will be distributed if Trump signs the bill into federal law. That routine signing was upended late Tuesday when the president criticized the bill and urged Congress to increase the stimulus checks to $2,000 from $600, although he stopped short of threatening to veto it as of Wednesday afternoon.
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Here’s who will be left out once the checks start arriving:
If your income is too high, you won’t get a check. The payments are phased out for Americans at income thresholds based on their 2019 tax returns.
For instance, individuals earning up to $75,000, and couples making less than $150,000 will receive the full, one-time amount of $600, which is half the value of the first round of $1,200 checks issued under the CARES Act in March. The amount drops by $5 for every $100 of income above those income thresholds. It will phase out completely at $87,000 for individuals and $174,000 for couples.
If you claimed the head of household filing status on your tax return, you won’t get a payment if your adjusted gross income exceeds $124,500.
Unemployed high-wage earners
Eligibility for stimulus checks will be determined by 2019 tax returns, a change from the first round of payments that were based on 2018 or 2019 tax returns. That could change how much you receive and whether you get a second check. If you earned more than $87,000 last year but are unemployed in 2020, you won’t be eligible for a payment.
Some people who earned significantly less income this year than they did on their 2019 tax return could be eligible for a refundable tax credit for their second stimulus payment when they file their 2020 tax return, according to Toby Mathis, a partner and attorney at Anderson Law Group in Las Vegas, Nevada.
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Students age 17 or older don’t qualify for a stimulus check if their parents or guardians claim them as dependents. That means the stimulus excludes millions of high school and college-aged Americans.
Their parents also won’t get a payment of $600 per child that the new stimulus package offers. It applies only to children 16 and younger. There is no cap on the number of child dependents that a household can claims, so a family of four would receive up to $2,400.
Some elderly and disabled adults
Adult dependents don’t qualify for a check, which means an elderly parent or family member living under the care of an adult child that is claimed as a dependent won’t get a direct payment.
Those without Social Security numbers, typically unauthorized immigrants, aren’t eligible.
Some immigrants qualify for a stimulus check if they meet the eligibility criteria and have a valid Social Security number. Immigrants with green cards or H-1B and H-2A work visas are eligible for a check. Nonresident aliens, temporary workers and immigrants in the country illegally aren’t eligible.
But mixed-status households, or those where a family member doesn’t have a Social Security number but others do, will be eligible for stimulus payments, a key change from the CARES Act. Under that legislation, households that had a single member without a Social Security number were disqualified from receiving a payment.
The latest measure, however, would allow U.S. citizens who are married to foreign nationals without Social Security numbers to receive the aid.
To get the extra $600 for a qualifying child, he or she must also have a Social Security number.
Contributing: Michael Collins